JOHANNESBURG – South Africa’s maize output is expected to rise slightly in 2018 than previously estimated on the back of late harvests from the central and western parts of the maize belt, a Reuters poll of four traders and market analysts showed on Friday.
The government’s Crop Estimates Committee (CEC), which will provide its sixth production forecast for the 2018 crop next Thursday, is seen by those polled as pegging the harvest at 13.305 million tonnes, up 0.7 percent from the 13.207 million tonnes it forecast in June.
Wandile Sihlobo, an agricultural economist, said dry conditions delayed the planting and harvesting in some parts of the maize growing belt compared with the previous season.
“The central and western parts of South Africa were a bit delayed due to dryness earlier in the season at the planting. So that somehow affected the entire chain of harvesting,” he said.
“South Africa will still be well supplied throughout this marketing year. We could see exports exceeding 2.5 million tonnes because of stocks that carried over from the previous season.”
Domestic consumption in Africa’s biggest maize producer stands at around 10 to 10.5 million tonnes. The country’s maize harvest hit a record 16.82 million tonnes in 2017.
Grain Option Market trader Warren Langridge said the maize harvest was lagging pace this season, with deliveries at 5.1 million tonnes for the week ending July 6 compared with 9.5 million tonnes at the same time last year.
“Cold conditions the past month have been favourable for drying row crops and may just be an indication that bigger kernels need more time to dry,” said Langridge.
Those polled expect the harvest to consist of 6.93 million tonnes of the staple food white maize, a slight increase from 6.87 million in CEC’s June estimates.
The forecast for yellow maize, which is used in the production of animal feed, came in at and 6.37 million tonnes compared with CEC’s June estimate of 6.33 million tonnes.
Maize prices have remained depressed with the white maize contract ending in August trading 0.98 percent higher at 2,052 rand ($151.81) a tonne by 1021 GMT.
The price stood at an all-time high of 5,020 rand scaled in January, 2016 when drought concerns mounted and fuelled food price pressures in Africa’s most industrialised economy.
($1 = 13.5172 rand)
Editing by James Macharia